Sholom Aleichem (1859–1916), one of the fathers of modern Yiddish literature, was born Shalom Rabinovitz in Pereiaslav, in what is now Ukraine. He began his literary career writing in Hebrew and Russian and published his first work in Yiddish under his pen name in 1883. He went on to publish his fiction in newspapers as he moved from Kyiv to New York City to Geneva, as well as in books including Stempenyu: A Jewish Novel and The Adventures of Menahem-Mendl. In 1894, he published Tevye the Dairyman, which would be adapted seven decades later into the Broadway musical Fiddler on the Roof.